Imagine what a sight it was for early explorers and settlers when they first laid eyes on the California hillsides massed with golden-orange flowers fluttering in the breeze. This drought-tolerant heirloom, the state flower of California, attracts pollinators and is an ideal plant for naturalized, wildflower areas. Reseeds readily.
Botanical Name: Eschscholzia californica
Native: North America
Hardiness: Perennial in USDA zones 8–10; usually grown as an annual.
Plant Dimensions: 6″–12″ tall and wide
Variety Information: 2″–3″ golden-orange, silky, saucer-shaped flowers with four delicate, paper-like petals.
Exposure: Full sun
Bloom Period: Spring to frost
Attributes: Attracts Pollinators, Deer Resistant, Drought Tolerant, Heat Tolerant
When to Sow Outside: RECOMMENDED. 4 to 6 weeks before average last frost, when soil temperature is 50°–60°F, or early to mid-fall for bloom the following spring. Mild Climates: Late summer to early fall for winter and spring bloom.
When to Start Inside: Not recommended; roots are sensitive to disturbance.
Days to Emerge: 7–14 days
Seed Depth: Scatter and rake in lightly
Thinning: When 1' tall, thin to 1 every 4″–6″